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Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.
Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.
Identification of different rock types and landforms in the area.
A big construction project will be considered and will be sub-divided into several components.
Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Multi Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Modal Analysis; Numerical Methods; Seismology, Earthquake Dynamics; Nonlinearity; Structural Design Approaches, Displacement Prediction; Damage Measures; Capacity Design; Reinforced Concrete Structures; Steel Structures.Open Channel Flow: Uniform flow, Critical flow, Gradually varied flow (GVF), Computations in GVF, Sediment transport, Design of canals, Hydraulic jump, Flow past sharp- and broad-crested weirs, Design of spillways, Flood routing, Dam-break flow, Hydraulic design of bridges Pipe Flow: Head losses in pipes, Pipe network analysis, Transients in pipes, Detection of leak and partial blockage Flow measurements and laboratory scale modeling Earthquakes: structure of earth, movement of plates, types of faults, P wave, S wave, surface waves, characterization of earthquakes and earthquake-induced ground motion; response spectra for individual ground motion records, site-specific response spectra, design spectra; single-degree-of-freedom systems; multi-degree-of-freedom systems; analysis, design and detailing of RC frames based on state-of-the-art and various codes IS 456, IS 1893 & IS 13920; Special topics: selection and scaling of ground motions, characterization of seismic hazard, seismic analysis and design of bridges, retaining walls, liquid-storage tanks, dams etc., design of non-structural components, passive structural control Stability of slopes, stability analysis, seismic analysis, probabilistic analysis, design of earth embankments and dams; Earth pressure theories; Earth retaining structures: rigid and flexible, Braced excavation; Reinforced earth structures; Buried structures, Case studies.Transients in pipe flows: Causes of transients; Governing equations; Method of characteristics, Transients caused by centrifugal pumps, Hydraulic transients in long oil pipelines, Resonance in pressurized piping system, Methods to control transients, surge tanks.Geotechnical investigations, reconnaissance and investigation plan, drilling, sampling, field-tests, groundwater level, laboratory tests, etc.; Stress-strain-strength behavior of soils, Triaxial tests – UU, CU and CD tests, stress paths, Skempton’s pore-pressure parameters, sample disturbance; Stability of slopes, limit equilibrium methods, ordinary methods of slices and simplified Bishop method, factors of safety; Seepage and stability of earth embankments, Types of foundations - shallow/deep, isolated, combined, mat, etc., contact pressure distributions, soil - foundation interactions, basics of structural design; Design of shallow foundation, bearing capacity, stress distribution in soils, total and differential settlement, plate-load test, structural forces and design; Retaining structures, gravity, cantilever, counterfort, reinforced earth, etc., design and checks for stability; Design of deep foundations, piles, pile groups, well foundations, shaft and base resistances, downdrag, pile load tests; Special topics – Geosynthetics, reinforced earth structures, ground improvement techniques, machine foundations.Cost estimating and bidding: material estimates, labor and equipment costs, cost control, purchasing, tender bidding; Project scheduling: bar charts, PERT, CPM, network diagrams; Project management: quality assurance, crisis management, claims management, safety; Construction machinery and methods; Construction accounting and budgeting; Construction law: building codes, local laws, approvals, environmental impact; arbitration; Construction blueprint and plan reading, environmental considerations; Client relations; Introduction to use of project management software Role of constitutive modeling; Importance of laboratory testing with relation to constitutive modeling; Elasticity: linear, quasilinear, anisotropic; Plasticity basics: yield criteria, flow rule, plastic potential, hardening/softening; Rate Independent Plasticity: Mohr-Coulomb, Non-linear failure criteria, Drucker-Prager, and cap models; Critical state soil mechanics: critical state concept, cam-clay models and simulation; Stress-dilatancy theory; Work hardening plasticity theory: formulation and implementation; Applications of elasto-plastic models; Special Topics: hypoelasticity-plasticity, disturbed state concept.
Research methods: Null Hypothesis formulation & testing, dependent & independent variables, qualitative, quantitative and categorical data, measurement scales, descriptive and inferential statistics (measures of central tendency, significance testing, ANOVA, repeated measures, posthoc testing, correlations, chi-square tests); Experimental design:single subject, between-group and within-group designs, randomization, factorial, parametric, subtractive, conjunction type designs; Research Tools: Review of basic mathematics, experimental psychology software (psychtoolbox, eprimeetc), Statistics using PSPP/Matlab/R; Research ethics and scientific writing with reference to APA guidelines.